By International Code Council
The Uniform construction Code is devoted to the improvement of higher development development and bigger protection to the general public by means of uniformity in development legislation. The code is based on broad-based ideas that make attainable using new fabrics and new building platforms.
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Extra resources for 1997 Uniform Building Code, Vol. 2: Structural Engineering Design Provisions
The unit weight of this sample, therefore, is its least possible weight. This weight is called the dry weight and is symbolized by "(dry' -Water-- Sample 3 (Ysat) FIGURE 2-2. The effect of variation in water content on a given sample of soil. Physical Properties of Soils 31 Sample 2. This sample is representative of the in situ soil, which normally consists of air, water and solids. This weight is called the natural or in situ weight and is symbolized by 'Ynat or simply by 'Y. Sample 3. This sample represents the condition which occurs when all of the void normally filled with air has been replaced with water.
Relative density is of primary importance in problems involving compaction of coarse grained soils. That situation is discussed in detail in Article 12-6. In that article there is a procedure whereby relative density can be computed using unit weights (density), instead of void ratios. 2-9. UNCONFINED COMPRESSION STRENGTH Unconfined compression strength, symbolized by (qu), is a property belonging exclusively to clay and to mixed grained soils of which clay is the predominant fraction. This property relates to clay as the ultimate compression strength ifc) relates to concrete.
Soils consisting of highly sensitive clays should never be used to provide either vertical or lateral support to any part of a building structure because of the very real possibility of excessive building settlement. Sensitivity is an important consideration during the construction of a building whenever the soil at the site or adjacent to the site is going to be subjected to any kind of shock or vibration. This could occur in any number of situations, including: I. 2. 3. 4. The The The The operation of heavy machinery during excavation use of dynamite to dislodge or breakup rock or large stones use of percussion drills when installing tie backs driving of timber or steel piles Safety of materials and personnel during all construction processes is the responsibility of the contractor.