By Antonio A.R Ioris
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Extra resources for Agriculture, Environment and Development: International Perspectives on Water, Land and Politics
As a result, the entrenched financialization of food and farming ends up penetrating everyday life and pervading the local, regional, and global scales of interaction. This leads to adjustments not only in the productive and commercial sectors (including the role of asset management companies, private equity consortia, and other financial institutions in acquiring and managing farmland), but also along the whole agri-food supply chain, at both macro and micro levels (Burch and Lawrence 2013). In historico-geographical terms, the financialization of the agri-food sector has provided a solution to the combination of the production and plunder spheres of capitalism.
For example, economists can develop mathematical approaches to determine potential economic benefits and relate these to the acceptable level of impacts caused by a new hydroelectric dam (Bishop 1978). The key tenet of environmental economics is the recognition of resource scarcity and, thus, the increasing marginal utility of water. Because water is seen as a scarce resource, monetary quantification of its value becomes a prerequisite for efficiency and sustainability (Rogers et al. 2002). Monetary valuation, which has been widely used in decisions about project priorities and mitigation measures, is normally estimated in relation to parameters such as household income, real state figures, and personal preferences (Van Houtven et al.
The neoliberalization of agribusiness in Brazil followed the displacement of traditional areas and industrial sectors in favour of the export of agricultural commodities (soybeans in particular); the growing financialization of production, distribution, and consumption (articulated in particular by transnational companies and the need to generate dollars to stabilize national accounts); and numerous mystification strategies to disguise manifold socio-ecological problems. g. cheap food is produced to sustain capital accumulation from agriculture and other economic sectors, but this leads to the actual blackmailing of the national economy by agri-food exports and mounting rates of environmental degradation and social conflict).